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  PlanetArk 26 Mar 07
World Must Pay Poorer Nations to Keep Forests - Stern
Story by Ed Davies

Yahoo News 23 Mar 07
Save forests to fight global warming: Stern

JAKARTA (AFP) - The world should invest 10 billion dollars annually to halve deforestation in the fight against global warming, Nicholas Stern, the author of a key climate change report, said Friday.

Forest clearance for farming or urban development released large amounts of the greenhouses gases blamed for climate change, he told reporters at a meeting in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta.

"The world has to work together to provide a strong fund to cut deforestation in Indonesia, Brazil and other countries," he said.

In a landmark report commissioned by the British government, Stern warned last year that climate change could bring economic disaster on the scale of the world wars and the 1930s' Great Depression unless urgent action was taken.

"The cost of action, strong and urgent action, will be very much less than the cost of inaction," he said in Jakarta. "If we do nothing, if we go on with business as usual, we will eventually derail growth and development."

Rich nations had a powerful interest in helping to preserve forest cover because they would also be affected by global warming, he said.

"The money is not charity -- it's investing in a future of which they will be the big beneficiaries," said Stern, who is due to visit Indonesia's Sumatra island to see the problem of deforestation close up.

Experts say Indonesia has about two percent of the world's forest area but is losing large amounts of it annually, which releases carbon dioxide and makes the country one of the world's largest greenhouse gases polluters.

The 10 billion dollar global fund could be used to provide compensation to discourage forest clearance, Mike Harrison, an expert from Britain's Department for International Development, told AFP.

The money could also be given to national parks to conserve forests and some could be used to fund forest concessions, he said.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation said this month that forests were expanding in several regions of the world, but that each day saw a net loss equivalent to an area twice the size of Paris.

Global forest covers about 30 percent of the world's land area. From 1990 to 2005, the world lost three percent of its total forest area, according to the organisation.

Ten countries account for 80 percent of the world's primary forests, of which Indonesia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea and Brazil saw the highest losses in the five years from 2000 to 2005, it said.

The IPCC, the United Nations' paramount scientific authority on global warming, has predicted the Earth's surface temperatures will rise between 1.8 and 4.0 degrees Celsius (3.2 and 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit) by 2100.

PlanetArk 26 Mar 07
World Must Pay Poorer Nations to Keep Forests - Stern
Story by Ed Davies

INDONESIA: March 26, 2007 JAKARTA - A major UN conference on global warming in December should target setting up a system to pay developing nations such as Indonesia and Brazil to keep their forests, an influential climate change expert said on Friday.

In the short term, up to US$15 billion extra a year should be set aside by richer nations to preserve forests, which help soak up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, Nicholas Stern, author of an acclaimed report published last year, told a forum.

The resort island of Bali will host climate change talks in December likely to launch formal negotiations about extending the Kyoto Protocol after its first period ends in 2012. The pact is the main UN plan for curbing global warming and the annual gathering will attract government officials and non-governmental organisations from around the globe.

"I believe that one of the goals for the Bali conference should be to design a supply side for emissions reduction from developing countries that can really work on a big scale," said Stern, whose report in October argued it would be much cheaper for the world to take action now on climate change than to delay.

His comments are likely to add to a push by an alliance of developing nations, including Papua New Guinea, which has called at past Kyoto gatherings for rich nations to pay to save rainforests.

The former World Bank chief economist said such a mechanism was "so that a country like Indonesia or a country like Brazil can contract as a country to reduce emissions from deforestation and be paid as a country for that work".

"We all benefit from reductions in emissions and we should all contribute to the cost of doing that," Stern told the forum on global climate change and Indonesia. He is now an adviser to the British government on global warming.

Indonesian Environment Minister Rachmat Witoelar, who attended Friday's forum, said in January that Jakarta would table a proposal in Bali on paying developing nations to keep forests.


About 10 percent of the world's remaining tropical forest is found in Indonesia, which has a total forest area of more than 225 million acres (91 million hectares), according to Rainforestweb.org, a portal on rainforests (www.rainforestweb.org).

It said Indonesia has already lost an estimated 72 percent of its original frontier forest, and half of what remains is threatened. About a fifth of Indonesia's forests are protected, but conservation groups say not enough is being done and illegal logging and deliberately lit fires are wiping out the fragile habitat.

Indonesia is the world's third largest greenhouse gas polluter behind the United States and China, mainly due to carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation, according to a report published by the World Bank and the British government.

"So what I hope will happen over these coming months and years is that the world which has already deforested, and much of that is the rich world of course, will provide much stronger support for the resources necessary in (fighting) deforestation," Stern told a news conference after the forum.

"I would guess that for around US$10 to $15 billion (extra a year) you cut emissions from deforestation by around a half."

He gave a stark warning that unchecked climate change was likely to mean more disasters in poorer countries such as Indonesia, particularly given its geography.

"Island states are very vulnerable to sea level rise and very vulnerable to storms. Indonesia with 17,000 islands of course is particularly vulnerable."

Related articles on Global issues: climate change and Forests
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